What is Spiritual Fellowship?
Samuel Rutherford (c. 1600 – 1661) was one of the foremost Scottish theologians and apologists for Presbyterianism in the seventeenth century, playing a major role in formulating the Westminster Standards at the Westminster Assembly. He is best known for his many devotional letters and Lex, Rex–his seminal work on political sovereignty.
12 Jun, 2015

Spiritual Fellowship by Samuel Rutherford shows how believers can stir each other up in spiritual things by meeting together. He considers and responds to objections from those who thought that meeting privately could lead to difficulties and errors. 

The meetings that Rutherford envisages are highly spiritual in tone. The purpose is not to teach and expound Scripture. Rather it is to nourish spiritual life in each other by prayer and applying Scripture. This might be in relation to our relationship with God or glorifying Him in our daily life. 

Rutherford speaks of duties of comforting, encouraging, counselling and rebuking as necessary. It would be greatly refreshing to see such evidence of spiritual life amongst God’s people once again. 

What does the Word of God say about this duty? Hear the Word of God. It is clear.

  • To rebuke one another (Leviticus 19:17).
  • To teach and exhort (Colossians 3:16).
  • To speak often to one another (Malachi 3:16).
  • To exhort one another daily, while it is called today (Hebrews 3:13).

The latter is recommended as a special means for preventing hardness of heart. Surely no one will not acknowledge that whatever is recommended as a means to prevent hardness of heart is a duty commanded and ordained by God. This duty of exhorting one another is recommended as a means for preventing hardness of heart. So it is a duty commanded by God and thus, lawful and necessary.

Christians are also commanded: “comfort yourselves together, and edify one another” (1 Thessalonians 5:11). We must “warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men” (1 Thessalonians 5:14).

These texts authorise all Christians to do these things as well as the head of a family. They should do this as they have dealings with others and join with them in this way. Thus the more the coals are together the hotter will be the fire.

Political Power and its Limitations

Our ideas of political power and its limitations were significantly shaped by Reformed writers like Samuel Rutherford and his book, Lex, Rex (The Law and the King) The book is a hammer blow against state claims for absolute power and so they had it publicly burned. We live in times when politics is polarising to an extraordinary degree. In many democratic countries there is a drift towards autocracy. On the other hand some want to take us into an anarchy where valued liberties and principles are discarded. What are the lessons we can learn today?



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